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Research Materials

Baseball in the Lone Star State, The Texas League's Greatest Hits



Bailey, Jim. Arkansas Travelers: "79 Years of Baseball". Arkansas: Arkansas Travelers Baseball Club, 1980.

Bailey, Jim. Arkansas Travelers: "90 Years of Baseball". Arkansas: Arkansas Travelers Baseball Club, 1997.

Burke, Bob. Baseball in Oklahoma City. Great Britain: Arcadia Publishing. 2003.

Foltz, Chris. Bronchos to Spurs: Sports in San Antonio Since 1888. San Antonio: Maverick Publishing, 2003.

Gottsch, J.J.,et al., eds.Season to Remember: The Corpus Christi Hooks inaugural year at Whataburger Field. Corpus Christi, TX: Corpus Christi Caller-Times. 2006.

Guinn, Jeff, and Bobby Bragan. When Panthers Roared: The Fort Worth Cats and Minor League Baseball. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1999.

Guinozzo, J. J. Memphis Baseball Encyclopedia, 13th edition published, 2008.

Holaday, Chris and Mark Presswood. Baseball in Dallas. Great Britain: Arcadia Publishing, 2004.

Ingram, Bob. Baseball :From Browns to Diablos. El Paso: Paul Brothers Publishing, 1991.

Kayser, Tom, and Scott Hanzelka, eds. Texas League Official Media Guide and Record Book 2002. San Antonio: Texas League, 2002.

King, David. San Antonio at Bat. College Station, TX: Texas A&M Press. 2004.

Lewis, Barry. Wayne McCombs and Mike Porter. All-Time Tulsa Minor League Baseball Record Book. 2006.

McCombs, Wayne. Baseball in Tulsa. Great Britain: Arcadia Publishing. 2003.

McCombs, Wayne. The History and Record Book of Professional Baseball in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Tulsa: Tulsa Drillers. 1990.

O'Neal, Bill. The Texas League 1888 - 1987: A Century of Baseball. Austin: Eakin Press, 1987.

Parker, Al. Baseball Giant Killers: The Spudders of the '20s. Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1976.

Point, Michael. A Season of Celebration. Korea: Round Rock Express Baseball. 2001.

Presswood, Mark and Chris Holaday. Baseball in Fort Worth. Great Britain: Arcadia Publishing, 2004.

Reed, Robert. Colt .45s: A Six-Gun Salute. Houston: Lone Star Books, 1999.

Ruggles, William. The History of the Texas League. Dallas: Texas League of Baseball Clubs, 1952.

Russell, Allen H. Touching all the Bases!. Houston: Gulf Publishing Co. 1990.

Turner, Terry. Baseball in Little Rock. Great Britain: Arcadia Publishing, 2004.


Foltz, Chris. Bronchos to Spurs: Sports in San Antonio Since 1888. San Antonio: Maverick Publishing, 2003.

Gershman, Michael, ed. Microsoft Complete Baseball 1994 CD-ROM, 1994 edition. Seattle: Microsoft, 1995.

Gregory, Robert. Diz: The Story of Dizzy Dean and Baseball during the Great Depression. New York: Viking, 1992.

Obojski, Robert. Bush League: A Colorful, Factual Account of Minor League Baseball from 1877 to the Present. New York: Macmillan, 1975.

Sullivan, Neil J. The Minors: The Struggles and the Triumph of Baseball's Poor Relation from 1876 to the Present. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990.

Traub, Todd. The Last At-Bat. Arkansas: WEHCO Publishing. 2006


Associated Press. "Slaughter, Bragan Recall Dissension toward Robinson." April 4, 1997.

Atkinson, Paul. "Guettler's Socks Rate Big Tip of Hat by Walker." Sporting News, April 25, 1956.

Austin American-Statesman. "Second No-Hitter Hurled by Maxie," July 16, 1961.

---, "Austin Defeated: Waco Gets Away with the Statesmen," June 25, 1889.

Austin Democratic Statesman. "Two for the Senators: San Antonio Forfeited One and Threw Away Another in Most Remarkable Exhibition Ever Seen Here," July 24, 1907.

Austin Statesman. "Sens Take It on Chin," July 15, 1961.

Bailey, Bob. "Sox Split with Buds; Nagel Hits 5 HR's." Amarillo Globe-News, May 30, 1961.

Barrows, Bob. "Bragan Still Has Plenty of Yarns to Spin." Lewiston (Idaho) Morning Tribune, May 23, 1991.

Battles, Ted. "Cubs Lose Records, Game to Diablos, 20 - 19." Midland Reporter-Telegram, May 6, 1983.

---. "Brunansky's Four Home Runs Destroy Midland." Midland Reporter-Telegram, June 19, 1983.

Beaumont Enterprise. "Gators Get Revenge," May 2, 1983.

Belli, Anne, and Maria Pinon. "W. B. Ruggles, Retired Editorial Page Editor, Dies." Dallas Morning News, June 15, 1988.

Blackwell, Bill. "It Ain't Over Till We Say So!" Jackson Generals Game Program, April 1995.

Blair, Sam. "Back to the Minors: North Texas Baseball History Runs Deeper than the Rangers." Dallas Morning News, July 9, 1995.

Boggs, Frank. "Too Long for the Spurs: D-FW Loses in 25 Innings." Dallas Times Herald, June 18, 1965.

Carter, Bill, "Ted Williams Big Attraction in All-Star Game." Alexandria (La.) Daily Town Talk, August 14, 1972.

---. "Once Again, Mike Ivie Did the Impossible." Alexandria (La.) Daily Town Talk, August 15, 1972.

Carter, Joe R. "Raspberries and Cream: Parker Gets Okay." Shreveport Times, September 11, 1942.

Charvat, Jack. "Vols Take Dixie Crown after 10-Frame Thriller in Finale." Tulsa Tribune, October 8, 1949.

Christensen, Mike, "East Manages Miracle 8 - 6." Jackson (Miss.) Clarion-Ledger, July 21, 1992.

---. "Two-out, 9th-Inning Miracle Saves Gens 2 - 1." Jackson (Miss.) Clarion-Ledger, September 4, 1994.

---. "Billy Beane Steals the Scene." Jackson (Miss.) Daily News, July 12, 1984.

Cleburne Morning News., "Champion Team Is Cleburne's Sure," July 1, 1906.

---. "Cleburne Is Going for the Pennant," August 24, 1906.

---. "The Star Game of Ball Year Played," July 24, 1906.

Cleburne Morning Review, "Panthers Fail to Come to Scratch: Cleburne Railroaders, Champion Ball Players of the Texas League," September 3, 1906.

Cleveland Plain Dealer. "Ex-Indian Hoskins, 45, Dies of Heart Attack," April 5, 1970.

Corio, Ray. "Rex Barney, 72, Dodger Pitcher; Threw a No-Hitter for Brooklyn." New York Times, August 13, 1997.

Cronley, John. "Cats Scrap Back; Bragan New Pilot." Sporting News, July 7, 1948.

Dallas Morning News. "Cleburne 5, Waco 0," June 4, 1906.

---. "Electric Light Sports: Base Ball Game, Watermelon Contest and Foot Races," July 23, 1892.

---. "Fort Worth Won," June 30, 1896.

---. "Nineteen Bitter Innings: Fort Worth and Cleburne Fight until Darkness Ends the Game and Neither Team Scores," July 24, 1906.

---. "Panthers Win Game," July 15, 1904.

---. "Paris 13, Corsicana 7: Sullivan's Sluggers Make Nine Home Runs in the Game," May 15, 1903.

---. "Waco 2, Fort Worth 0: Only Two of the Panther City Boys Land on First Base," July 12, 1903.

---. "Waco vs. Austin," June 25, 1889.

Darroch, Doug. "El Paso Star Makes Up for Lost Fly." Tulsa World, July 23, 1981.

Dupre, Flint. "Oana Wins No-Hitter as Cats Sweep Two Games with Dallas." Dallas Morning News, July 15, 1942.

El Paso Times. "Ladies Day Game Scheduled Sunday," April 26, 1970.

Ferguson, John A., "FAN-tastic! Righetti Strikes Out 21," Tulsa World, July 17, 1978.

Ferrell, Scott. "Guettler Hit 62: A Minor League Legend." Shreveport Captains Official Program, April 1999.

Finger, Mike. "Express Ace Strikes Out 15, Shuts Out S.A." San Antonio Express-News, May 26, 2000.

Fiser, Jack. "Three Pace Sports Win." Shreveport Times, May 29, 1956.

---. "Record Set by Guettler in 16 - 3 Win." Shreveport Times, July 27, 1956.

Fitzgerald, Tommy. "'Honest John' McCloskey, Who Piloted 47 Ball Clubs, Dies." Louisville Courier-Journal, November 18, 1940.

Fort Worth Star-Telegram. "Barney Not Sensitive about 'Wild' Trouble," May 14, 1951.

---. "Cats, Sports Split Twin Bill, 6 - 5, 1 - 2," May 30, 1955.

Fort Worth Telegram. "19 Innings, No Score Breaks Texas Record," July 24, 1906.

Fulton, Bob. "The Marathon Masterpiece." National Pastime, a Review of Baseball History. Cleveland: Society for American Baseball Research, 2002.

Galveston Daily News. "Gets Monotonous: Sand Crabs Again Are Trampled Under Foot by the Panthers," June 30, 1896.

---. "Pirates Close the Season by Trouncing the Bronchos," September 8, 1913.

---. "Sherman 20, Shreveport 21," April 28, 1895.

Gregory, Lloyd. "12,000 See Night Game." Houston Post-Dispatch, July 23, 1930.

Griffin, Tim. "Express Delivery: Ryans Team Up for a Big Win by Returning Pro Ball to Austin Area." San Antonio Express-News, April 9, 2000.

Hall, Flem. "Thousands Are Expected to See Cats Seek Sweep of Buff Series." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, June 23, 1942.

Hall, Rusty. "Baseball in Black and White: Atz and His Cats Ruled the Texas League in the '20s." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, March 28, 1999.

Harter, Gage. "Gagne Helps West Conquer East Stars." San Antonio Express-News, July 28, 1999.

---. "Gagne Starts, Then Goes to L.A." San Antonio Express-News, September 3, 1999.

---. "Missions Pitching Squashes Diablos, but Brawl, Ejections Mar the Win." San Antonio Express-News, April 25,1999.

---. "The Heat Starts in the Inside." San Antonio Express-News, July 4, 1999.

---. "Fight Mars Wranglers' Victory." San Antonio Express-News, August 12,1999.

Heiling, Joe. "Truth Stranger than Fiction - 8-RBI Salvo by Austin Hurler." Sporting News, May 14, 1966.

---. "Pat Cleaned House - But as a Hitter?" Austin American, April 28, 1966.

Hernandez, Roberto. "Mexican Stars Trounce Texas Twinklers, 9 - 3." Sporting News, July 22, 1959.

Herskowitz, Mickey. "Buffs Down Sports in 10." Houston Post, April 15, 1956.

Heryford, Merle. "Only Hartenstein's Feelings Hurt: Arm OK after 18 Innings, but Spur Star Fears Trend." Dallas Morning News, June 20, 1965.

---. "Pitcher Suspended for Attacking Ump." Sporting News, July 4, 1970.

---. "Spurs Bit Shy as Sun Kings Post 6 - 5 Win." Dallas Morning News, June 13, 1965.

---. "Spurs Divide with El Paso." Dallas Morning News, June 14, 1965.

---. "Spurs Jingle 7 to 6." Dallas Morning News, June 15, 1965.

---. "Spurs Rip Sonics, 5 - 2, in 8 ½ Innings, Yet!" Dallas Morning News, June 20, 1965.

---. "Spurs Win Two Games." Dallas Morning News, June 17, 1965.

---. "Spurs Win, Lose Hurler." Dallas Morning News, June 13, 1970.

---. "Spurs, Held to Two Hits, Tumble to Austin, 1 to 0." Dallas Morning News, June 16, 1965.

---. "25-Inning Tilt Breaks Record in Texas Loop." Sporting News, July 3, 1965.

---. "Groggy Spurs Win, 2 - 1, in 13." Dallas Morning News, June 19, 1965.

Honolulu Star Bulletin, "Ball Player 'Prince' Oana Died in 1976 in Texas," April 9, 1997, Http://

Houston Daily Post. "First Blood: Drawn by Houston's Babies in Sunday's Game," April 3, 1888.

Houston Post. "Barney Walks 16 - Buffs Win," May 14, 1951.

---. "Criss Was Whole Show: Leviathan Pitched No-Hit Game against Dallas, Squeeze Score Their Only Run," June 21, 1914.

---. "Grodzicki Stars as South Gains 3 to 1 Victory," July 18, 1937.

---. "Houston, in Fast Game," August 22, 1907.

---. "Made Three Home Runs," April 19, 1898.

Janes, Johnny. "Something for the Record." San Antonio Express, August 21, 1964.

Jones, Harry. "Hoskins Reveals Three Threats against Life Same Day in '52." Sporting News, March 4, 1953.

King, David, "Mission Accomplished: S.A. Earns First TL Title since 1964." San Antonio Express-News, September 8, 1997.

---. "42-Year-Old TL Record Likely to Go Unchallenged." San Antonio Express-News, September 9, 1998.

Knapp, Adam. "Missions Run Away from Wranglers with 12 in the 11th." Wichita Eagle, August 20, 1998.

Knight, Bill. "Diablos Fall Behind 2 - 1 in Series." El Paso Times, September 8, 2000.

Kournianos, Steve. "Cabrera Homers in Six Straight Games for El Paso." Howe Sports Data, May 16, 2000.

Laird, John. "56 runs! Diablos Outlast Beaumont 35 - 21 in wild Dudley Dome Shoot-Out." El Paso Times, May 1, 1983.

Leonard, George. "Southern Decides to Scrap Playoffs." Sporting News, December 10, 1958.

Lewis, Barry. "Major League Effort: Former Driller Righetti Has Vivid Memories of His Record Performance 21 Years Later." Tulsa World, June 29, 1999.

Lingo, Will. "Jim Paul: Minor League Executive." Baseball America, January 25,2001.

Luksa, Frank. "Austin 2, Spurs 1." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, June 18, 1965.

---. "A Quality Start . . . and Then Some." Dallas Morning News, July 14, 2001.

Lyons, John. "Larry Maxie Hurls No Hitter for Austin." Victoria Advocate, June 15, 1961.

Martinez, Richard. "An All-Star Return for Valenzuela." San Antonio Express-News, June 13, 1994.

Maysel, Lou, "Senators Lose Two As Howard Stars," Austin American, June 9, 1959.

McConnell, Jerry. "Travs Sew Up Flag with Flashing Fists." Arkansas Gazette, August 29, 1968.

McGowan, Frank. "Day-Night Twin Win Gives Birmingham Dixie Crown." Sporting News, October 15, 1958.

McIntyre, Bill. "All-Stars Win in Fun and Games." Shreveport Times, August 16, 1974.

---. "Remlinger Is Untouchable." Shreveport Times, August 13, 1987.

---. "Sports Split with Cats, 6 - 5, 2 - 1: Bill Tremel Goes Route as Locals Hold Fourth." Shreveport Times, May 30, 1955.

McMullen, Lorin, "Olsen's Skid Adds to Cat Woes." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, May 24, 1951.

---. "Cats Win Dixie Series behind Starr's 2-Hit Hurling." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, October 3, 1939.

---. "Barney Loses First Effort, 2 - 6, to Buffs: Former Brooklyn Star Sets Mark - 16 Walks." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, May 14, 1951.

Miester, Dave. "'Stars' All Over Alexandria." Alexandria (La.) Daily Town Talk, August 15, 1972.

Morthland, John, and Joe Nick Patoski. "Play Ball, Y'All." Texas Monthly, April 2000.

Mosebach, Fred. "Rounding Up the Sports." San Antonio Express, July 25, 1930.

Muench, Joe. "El Paso Trio Last of a Dying Breed." El Paso Times, June 1, 2003.

New York Times, "Ducky Medwick, Slugger for Gas House Gang, Dies," March 22, 1975.

O'Malley, Pat. "Turning Up the Major Heat." Baltimore Sun, May 21, 1999.

Obert, Richard. "El Paso Slugger Is Earning Notice." Arizona Republic, June 1, 2000.

Peebles, Dick. "San Antonio's Turley Tabbed Second Garver." Sporting News, June 20, 1951.

Pepe, Phil. "Yanks' Righetti: Another Guidry?" Sporting News, November 25, 1978.

Pinckney, Roger. "Texas Love Affair: National Pastime Flourished in the Lone Star State during the Century's Second Decade." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, February 28, 1999.

Point, Michael. "Express on Track for Title." Austin American-Statesman, September 10, 2000.

---. "First Time's a Charm." Austin American-Statesman, September 16, 2000.

---. "Ginter Puts Express a Win Away from a Title." Austin American-Statesman, September 15, 2000.

---. "Oswalt Sizzles in Express Debut." Austin American-Statesman, May 26, 2000.

---. "All-Around Effort Knots Series." Austin American-Statesman, September 7, 2000.

Potash, Mark. "Wilhelmi Is Perfect against Travs, 7 - 0." Arkansas Democrat, May 4, 1983.

---. "Wilhelmi's 1st Win Is Perfect." Arkansas Democrat, May 4, 1983.

Pratt, Glenn. "Colts Plan Move S.A. Franchise." San Antonio Express-News, August 8, 1964.

Reckner, Harry. "Turley Strikes Out 22 as Game Ends in Tie." San Antonio Evening News, August 12, 1951.

Record, Ned C. "Better Adjustment of Lights Promised at Waco." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, June 21, 1930.

---. "Master Hurling of Joe Pate Features Second Win of Cats." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, September 29, 1924.

Richmond, Travis. "Cats to Honor Fort Worth's 'Mr. Baseball.' " Fort Worth Star-Telegram, May 21, 2003.

Rives, Bill. "Texas' First Negro Packs 'Em In." Sporting News, May 14, 1952.

Salazar, Carlos. "Walker Jumps Off His Volcano - after 15-Inning No-Hit Gem." Sporting News, August 21, 1971.

---. "Classic 15-Inning No-Hitter Gives Fans a Historic Treat." Albuquerque Tribune, August 4, 1971.

San Antonio Daily Express. "Bronchos Sulk and Lose Game by 44 to 0 Score," July 24, 1907.

---. "Fort Worth 6 - Dallas 5," July 15, 1904.

---. "Pitchers' Battle Results in Defeat for San Antonio," June 22, 1908.

San Antonio Express, "Ables Beats Dallas and Builds a League Record," August 9, 1910.

---. "Ables Pitches Fine Ball," April 28, 1910.

---. "Bono Comes to Rescue; Holds Cats and Gassers Win Series," October 1, 1919.

---. "Booe Takes Up Job When Couchman and Watt Are Pounded," May 21, 1925.

---. "Business Has Summoned Him: Manager LaRocque Resigns to Look After Interests Amid General Regret," July 30, 1907.

---. "Father of Texas League Dies in Louisville, Ky.," November 18, 1940.

---. "Herrera's Relief Pitching Carries Padres to 9 - 5 Win," October 6, 1950.

---. "Houston 16, Fort Worth 10: Kemmer Made Three Home Runs and Batted In Twelve Runs," April 19, 1898.

---. "Houston 24, San Antonio 11," May 9, 1898.

---. "Nags and Waco Tie in Twenty-Three Innings," July 6, 1910.

---. "Record Time Made in Last Game of Season: Pirates Beat Bronchos, 4 to 0, in 49 Minutes of Frenzied Baseball in Galveston - Fastest in Texas League History," September 8, 1913.

---. "Stinson's Smash in the Fourteenth Wins Great Game for Harry Ables," June 14, 1910.

---. "The Season's End. Even the Bronchos Never Did Anything Quite So Bad as This," June 30, 1896.

---. "The Season's Record: Even the Bronchos Never Did Anything Quite So Bad as This," June 30, 1896.

---. "Umpire Taken Off Field by Police to Avoid Disorder," May 22, 1925.

---. "Waco Secures But One Hit in Double-header," September 5, 1910.

San Antonio Express-News, "Texas Title to Bullets," September 19, 1964.

San Antonio Light. "44 to 0 Result of Burlesque," July 24, 1907.

---. "Ables Twirls Great Ball; San Antonio Wins 1 - 0," April 28, 1910.

---. "Ables Whole Show; Beats Giants 4 to 2," August 9, 1910.

---. "Broncs and Waco Battle 23 Innings." July 6, 1910.

---. "Death Takes Ables, King of Lefties," February 8, 1951.

---. "Gardner Looks for Big Crowd at All-Star Fray," July 19, 1936.

---. "Great Game Pickled When Stinson's Bat Breaks Loose," June 14, 1910.

---. "South Texas' Ball Stars Win," July 26, 1936.

Schroeder, George. "Arkansas, Jackson Battle until Final Horne." Baseball America, July 20-August 2, 1998.

Seligman, Andrew. "Diablos' Cabrera Tearing Up League." El Paso Times, June 12, 2000.

Seminoff, Kirk. "Texas Leaguers Break 3 - 3 Tie with HR Contest." Wichita Eagle, July 20, 1993.

Sherrington, Kevin. "Complexion of Baseball Changed Because of Pioneering Minor League Owner Dick Burnett." Dallas Morning News, May 21, 2000.

---. "Gone! But Not Forgotten. Texas Leaguer Hit Eight Homers in a Game - or Did He?" Dallas Morning News, August 12, 2001.

Sherrod, Blackie. "Guettler Cracks All-Time Texas Loop Home Mark." Sporting News, August 22, 1956.

---. "Player Melon in Dixie Series Close to Tops." Sporting News, October 13, 1948.

---. "Cats Wind Up in Clover after Grass-Green Start." Sporting News, September 29, 1948.

Shreveport Times. "Sports Beat Cats 4 - 3 in Long Battle," September 15, 1942.

Spagnola, Mickey. "El Paso a House of Thrills." Baseball America, June 1, 1983.

Sporting News. "Bragan Finds and Umpire Who Won't Hear Beefs," July 4, 1970.

---. "Chandler Banished before Throwing His First Pitch," July 28, 1948.

---. "Guettler Due Award - Some 22 Years Later," March 18, 1978.

---. "One Overdue Award Cannot Be Presented," April 29, 1978.

---. "Texas Loop's First Negro Wins in Debut for Dallas," April 23, 1952.

---. "World Traveler Finally Gets His Shot at the Big Leagues," July 10, 2000.

---. Necrology, June 1976.

Stratton, Bob. "Rocked at Home." Wichita Eagle, September 12, 2000.

---. "Tired Express Take Lead." Wichita Eagle, September 11, 2000.

---. "One for the Road." Wichita Eagle, September 13, 2000.

Swindell, Larry. "The Years of the Cats: If Minor-League Baseball Returns to Fort Worth, It Will Be Batting in the Shadow of a Legend." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, July 9, 1997.

Tagliabue, Emil. "Dixie Series Likely Will Be Kept Alive." Sporting News, October 8, 1958.

Tolbert, Frank X. "Tolbert's Texas: The Scorekeeper 'Lost His Head.'" Dallas Morning News, April 16, 1965.

Trowbridge, John. "Newspapers at Fault, Richards Says, If Colts Leave Santone." Sporting News, August 29, 1964.

---. "Beauchamp HR in Ninth Clips Colt .45s, 7 - 3." Sporting News, August 17, 1963.

Tucker, Jinx. "Sing 'If a Body Meet a Body - ' It's Likely Mr. Rye; Waco's Half-Pint Takes on Stature of a Giant with His Bat." Waco Times-Herald, Aug. 7, 1930.

Van Fleet, Bill. "Cole Beats Tulsa with Perfect Game, 1 - 0." Galveston Daily News, July 11, 1935.

---. "Visitors Triumph by 4 - 3 to Go One Up in Playoff." Fort Worth Star-Telegram, September 15, 1942.

Via, MeLinda. "Wranglers' Hosey Shines Again." Wichita Eagle, July 20, 1993.

White, George. "South Defeats North, 4-to-2, in First All-Star Battle." Dallas Morning News, July 26, 1936.

Whitlock, Chuck. "Dees' Four Homers Sets TL Record." El Paso Times, August 21, 1962.

Williams, Johnny. "Bullets' Move Is Confirmed." San Antonio Express, August 13, 1964.

---. "Grand Slam Beats Colts 7 - 3." San Antonio Express, August 2, 1963.

Woodson, Rick. "Texas League's All-Stars Have 'Fun' with Rangers." Sporting News, August 31, 1974.


"Bill Valentine." Arkansas Travelers, staff/?id=137.

"Bob Turley." BaseballLibrary, library/ballplayers/T/Turley_Bob.stm.

Bridgewater, Mike. "Hawaii Baseball Hank Oana." Diamond Angle,

"Burkburnett, Texas." Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tsha.utexas .edu/handbook/online/articles/view/BB/heb14.html.

Caple, Jim. "For Cabrera, 55 Was the Limit in Japan." ESPN, http://espn (Alex Cabrera).

"Dave Righetti." BaseballLibrary, library/ballplayers/R/Righetti_Dave.stm.

"Estadisticas." Escogido Baseball Club, -lideresdexvida.htm (on Danilo Rivas's career statistics).

"First Edition Book on The Kansas City Monarchs: Champions of Black Baseball by Janet Bruce." W. E. B. DuBois Learning Center, http://www

"First Night Game in Des Moines Revolutionized Baseball in 1930." Minor League Baseball, Click here

"Gene Rye." BaseballLibrary, library/ballplayers/R/Rye_Gene.stm .

"Inductees: Charles Harmon." Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame, http://www

"Joe Pignatano." BaseballLibrary, library/ballplayers/P/Pignatano_Joe.stm.

"John Jacob Atz." Deadball Era Player Guide, atzjake.htm.

"John Jacob Atz." Handbook of Texas Online, handbook/online/articles/view/AA/fat6.

Marasco, David. "Strange Brew: Smoke, Lights and Josh Gibson." Diamond Angle, brew.html.

"McCloskey, John J." Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tsha.utexas .edu/handbook/online/articles/view/MM/fmc15.html.

"Miss Universe and Other Dominican Sports Stars Received the Pan American Torch in New York." Pan Am Games, http://panamgames

"Rex Barney." BaseballLibrary, library/ballplayers/B/Barney_Rex.stm

"Roy Oswalt." Baseball Cube, .asp?Name=BDIF.
"Seventh President (1976 - 1978)," Minor League Baseball, http://www

"Take Me Out to the (Night) Ballgame." University of North Texas News Service,

"Too Young to Die." The Dead Ball Era, young.html (on Walter "Hickory" Dickson's death).

"Triple Crown Winners." JHR's Home Plate, ~rickert/BB/triplecrown.html.

"William 'Bill' Breason." Negro League Baseball Players Association, http://


Barker, Davis. "Texas League Night Game History," June 19, 1998. Texas League Archives, San Antonio.

---. "TL's First Game," June 14, 1998. Texas League Archives, San Antonio.

Kayser, Tom. "This Date in Texas League History," 2000. Texas League Archives, San Antonio.

Nemec, Glenn. "Statistics for Minor League Baseball Players, 2003 - 04." Texas League Archives, San Antonio.

Trautman, George to National Association Clubs and Leagues, September 24, 1958. Texas League Archives, San Antonio.


Fitzgerald, Lou, 2000

Gagne, Eric, 1998

Hartman, J. C., 2000

Johnson, Keith, 1999

LaMacchia, Al, 2000

Roenicke, Ron, 1997, 1999

Valentine, Bill, 2003

Williams, Billy C., 2000

The following books are the best in exploring the history of the Texas League.

The History of the Texas League 1888-1951
By William Ruggles
Published 1951 by Texas League
(currently out of print and very difficult to find, but is the bible of TL history in the nineteenth and early twentieth century

The Texas League- 1888-1987
By Bill O'Neal
Published by Eakin Press, Austin, TX (ISBN # 0-89015-596-8) (comprehensive history of TL, stands alone as the modern update of TL history, loaded with pictures of players and fields)

Touching All Bases: The Autobiography of Allen H. Russell By Allen Russell, 1990. Published by Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, TX. (history of one of the most enthusiastic contributors to Texas baseball)

You Can't Hit the Ball With the Bat on Your Shoulder-The Baseball Life and Times of Bobby Bragan By Bobby Bragan and Jeff Guinn with an introduction from Howard Cosell, 1992. Published by The Summit Group, Ft. Worth, Texas. (ISBN# 1-56530-015-7)(life and times of Bragan through his rise from minor leagues to the majors and on to managing in both the minor league system and the major leagues)

A Season In the Minors National Geographic, Vol. 179, No. 4, pages 40-73. April, 1991. Article by David Lamb. (a reporter spends the summer touring the minors, includes brilliant photographs from William Albert Allard)

Traveler's Baseball- 90 Years- 1997
By Jim Bailey
(recently updated history of the long and changing history of Arkansas baseball; contact Arkansas Trav's for info)

Baseball From Browns to Diablos By Bob Ingram, 1991. Published by Paul Brothers Publishing, El Paso, Texas. (El Paso has a colorful and often fascinating history of baseball, and Ingram, former editor of the El Paso Herald-Post, has chronicled it in this book)

Baseball in Fort Worth By Mark Presswood and Chirs Holaday, 2004. Published by Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, SC. (ISBN# 0-7385-3241-X)(Fort Worth's rich tradition of professional baseball dates back to the start of the Texas League in 1888)

When Panthers Roared: The Fort Worth Cats and Minor League Baseball By Jeff Guinn with Bobby Bragan, 1999. Published by Texas Christian University Press, Fort Worth, Texas. (ISBN# 0-87565-205-0)(from 1889 to 1964, the Fort Worth Panthers--unofficially nicknamed the "Cats"--represented the essence of baseball in America)

Colt .45s A Six-Gun Salute: An Illustrated History of the Houston Colt .45s 1962-1964 By Robert Reed foreward by Rusty Staub, 1999. Published by Lone Star Books, Houston, Texas. (ISBN# 0-88415-283-9)(from the ramrod effort to bring big-league baseball to Houston to the last game in swampy Colt Stadium, this book tells the story of the first Major-League Baseball team in the South)

A Season of Celebration By Michael Point foreward by Nolan Ryan, 2001. Published by Round Rock Express Baseball. (ISBN# 0-9710554-0-8) (this book details the inaugural season of the eventual champion Round Rock Express, from building the team to clinching the pennant)

Bronchos to Spurs: Sports in San Antonio since 1888 By Chris Foltz, 2004. Maverick Publishing Co., San Antonio, Texas. (ISBN# 1-893271-31-5)(the ultimate handbook sports fans wanting information on a wide array of professional teams in San Antonio's history)

San Antonio at Bat: Professional Baseball in the Alamo City By David King, 2004. Published by Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas. (ISBN # 1-58544-376-X) (in this story of professional baseball in the Alamo City from 1888 to the present, San Antonio Express-News sportswriter David King hits the highlights--athletic and human--that have filled the city's diamonds for 115 years)

Let's Goooooooo Tulsa- 1990
By Wayne McCombs
(an excellent sourcebook for the history and traditions of TL baseball in Tulsa, OK; contact Tulsa Drillers for info)

Baseball in Tulsa By Wayne McCombs, 2003. Published by Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, SC. (ISBN# 0-7385-2332-1)(Tulsa's baseball past from the cow pastures of Indian Territory into the 21st century. The book documents the struggle many players endure in the coveted quest to become a major league baseball player)

Baseball Giant Killers: The Spudders of the 20's by Al Parker, 1976. Nortex Press, Quanah, Texas. (for 13 glorious years the Wichita Falls Spudders were a part of the golden era of minor league baseball in Texas)

Additional Sources:

The Annual Texas League Media Guide published at the beginning of every season, the Guide offers statitstics, standings and records from 1888-present available by order from the League Office, see league trading post for more info)

You may also wish to contact the following organizations for facts, memoribilia, and information concerning the TL:

The Texas Sports Hall of Fame
1108 S. University Parks Drive,

Waco, TX 76706

Fax: (254)756-2384

Toll Free: 800-567-9561

Legends of the Game Musuem,

The Ballpark at Arlington
Arlington, TX

The Society of Baseball Research

PO Box 93183
Cleveland, OH 44101