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21. 1920 Toronto Maple Leafs
Record: 108-46
International League (Triple-A)

By Bill Weiss & Marshall Wright, Baseball Historians

Hugh Duffy

Entering the final month of the 1920 International League season, the Toronto Maple Leafs held a slim lead in the pennant race. To maintain its advantage, Toronto then played .900 ball in September. In most seasons, this sprint would have locked up the flag. Unfortunately for the Leafs, 1920 was not one of those years.

The city of Toronto, located on the shores of Lake Ontario in Canada, participated in the first all -Canadian professional league in 1885. Here, a team called the Torontos joined two clubs from Hamilton and single nines from Guelph and London to form the Canadian League. After finishing the campaign in third with a 23-20 record, the Torontos and one of the Hamilton clubs (the Clippers) joined the New York State League to create the International League, the forerunner of today’s minor league circuit of the same name. In its five years in the league, Toronto won a flag in 1887.

In 1895, the team rejoined the circuit, now called the Eastern League. In the latter years of the 19th and the early years of the 20th centuries, Toronto won several flags. One noteworthy pennant came in 1902 when the team won a razor-thin flag over Buffalo. In this particular season, both Buffalo and Toronto finished exactly 43 games over .500. But because the Maple Leafs played six fewer games (85-42 to 88-45), they claimed the bunting by .007, earning a place on the Top 100. Toronto then won pennants at five-year intervals, in 1907, 1912 and 1917. The Leafs repeated in 1918 with another Top 100 team in a very close race with Binghamton. That team was piloted by Hall-of-Famer Nap Lajoie. In 1919, Toronto finished second under George Gibson, a native of London, Ontario, and a star catcher for Pittsburgh from 1905-15. That season was the first year of the Baltimore Orioles’ string of seven consecutive International League championships. In 1920, Gibson returned to the Pirates as their manager and was replaced by 53-year-old Hugh Duffy.

Duffy, a native of Cranston, RI, worked in the local textile mills and played baseball on weekends until embarking on a pro career in 1887 in the New England League. By the middle of 1888 he was in the majors with Cap Anson’s Chicago White Stockings. In 1890 he jumped to the Chicago team in the outlaw Players’ League. In the peace settlement following that season, Duffy was awarded to Boston of the American Association. After 1891 the American Association ceased to exist and Duffy joined the Boston National League club where he starred for nine years. In 1894, Duffy, who was only 5’7” tall, set the major league record for the highest batting average, .440 in 125 games. He went hitless in only 17 games. In one stretch in July-August, he hit safely in 25 consecutive games, batting .526. In 1901 he left Boston to manage Milwaukee in the new American League. In 1902 the franchise was moved to St. Louis and Duffy stayed in Milwaukee to pilot the city’s Western League team. From 1904-06 he managed the Philadelphia Phillies. In 1907 Duffy took over the Providence club in the Eastern (now International) League as owner-manager for three years. He returned to the majors to manage the Chicago White Sox in 1910-11. The next season he managed Milwaukee in the American Association. From 1913-1916 he was president and manager of the Portland club in the Eastern League. Duffy scouted for the Boston Braves and coached the Harvard varsity from 1917-19. After his year in Toronto in 1920, he managed the Boston Red Sox in 1921-22. He was out of baseball in 1923, then rejoined the Red Sox as a scout in 1924. He worked for Boston until a few months before his death in October, 1954, scouting, running tryout camps and serving as a hitting instructor. He returned to the playing field one more time, in 1932, as a major league coach for the Red Sox. Duffy had a 17-year major league batting average of .324 with 2,282 hits in 1,737 games. As a major league manager, his teams had a 535-671, .444 record in eight seasons. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1945.

1920 Baltimore team

During much of the 1920 season, the International League pennant race was a three-way battle among defending champion Baltimore, Buffalo and Toronto. First one, then another would be on top. Buffalo was in first place most of July before gradually falling back. By late August, Toronto held a slim lead over the Orioles with the Bisons third. On August 27, at home, the Maple Leafs played an unusual three-team double-header in an effort to get in all of the scheduled games. They beat Jersey City in the first game, but lost to last-place Syracuse in the nightcap. Baltimore was rained out, leaving Toronto in first place by a few percentage points. Baltimore lost the second game of a twin bill with Rochester the next day while Toronto was defeating Syracuse. From that day, August 28, until the end of the season September 19, Toronto won 22 and lost only two for an outstanding .917 percentage. The Maple Leafs lost only on September 1 and 11, and captured double-headers from fourth place Akron the last two days, September 18-19, but that wasn’t good enough to win the pennant. Baltimore won its last 25 games, at the time the second longest winning streak in minor league history. The Orioles finished with a 110-43, .719 record, 2-½ games ahead of Toronto’s 108-46, .701.

At the start of the season, only four members of the 1918 championship Maple Leafs remained: first baseman Eddie Onslow, outfielder-second baseman Andy Anderson and pitchers King Bader and Alex Peterson. Onslow, 27, batted .339 and had a 6-for-6 game, a home run and five singles, against Buffalo. He played for Toronto for seven years and was the team’s career leader in hits with 1,111. (Onslow’s career is detailed in the story of the 1918 Maple Leafs, top team #45.)

The most highly publicized member of the team was center fielder Benny Kauff, who made his Toronto debut July 7 after being obtained from the New York Giants in a trade for outfielder Vern Spencer. Kauff, a native of Pomeroy, OH, was 20 when he left the coal fields of southeastern Ohio to break into pro ball in 1910 with Parkersburg, WV, in the Virginia Valley League, hitting .417 with 87 stolen bases in 101 games. He made his major league debut in 1912 with the Yankees, batting .273 in five games. After a successful year with Hartford (Connecticut League) in 1913, Kauff was acquired by Indianapolis. However, he jumped to the Indianapolis club in the Federal League before ever playing in the American Association. Kauff was an immediate sensation in the “third major league.” In 1914, Benny led Indianapolis to the pennant, leading the league in batting (.370), runs (120), hits (211), stolen bases (75), doubles (44), total bases (305) and on-base percentage (.447). The press called the 5’7” left-handed hitter “The Ty Cobb of the Federal League.” Following the 1914 season, Kauff was acquired by the Brooklyn Tip Tops (the team was owned by the Robert Ward family, purveyors of “Ward’s Tip Top Bread”.) The Federal League was eager to showcase their leading player in the nation’s largest market. The league’s pitching improved somewhat in 1915, but Kauff once led again in batting (.342), stolen bases (55), on-base percentage (.446) and slugging (.509). However, this time even Kauff couldn’t produce a winner and Brooklyn finished seventh.

In 1915, Charles C. Alexander writes in his book ‘John McGraw,’ “for his new center fielder, McGraw wanted little Benny Kauff. McGraw always maintained that (American League president) Ban Johnson and (National League president) John K. Tener had encouraged him to go after Kauff, despite a National Commission rule against signing Federal Leaguers already under contract. When on April 30, Kauff trotted out to center field at the Polo Grounds to start a game with the Boston Braves, Braves president James Gaffney ordered manager George Stallings to take his team off the field.” Umpire Mal Eason left to telephone Tener who confirmed that Kauff was ineligible to play for the Giants. However, by the time he returned to the field, the other umpire, Ernie Quigley, had forfeited the game to New York. The two teams played what both managers agreed would be an exhibition game, the Braves winning 13-6. The next day, Tener not only overruled the forfeit decision, but declared that the game would count in the standings. Kauff, given a 50% raise to $6,000, rejoined the Tip Tops.

When the war with the Federal League ended the next winter, their players were put in a pool for distribution to the major league clubs who might want them. Kauff’s Federal League rights had been obtained by oil baron Harry Sinclair, who owned the Newark franchise. McGraw got Kauff with a bid of $30,000. In 1916, when the Giants started spring training in Marlin , TX, Kauff was missing. He was satisfied with his New York contract, but wanted $10,000 of the money Sinclair had received. After much haggling, Sinclair agreed to give Benny $5,000 and McGraw paid the other $5,000 out of the Giants’ treasury. When Kauff arrived in Marlin, according to writer Frank Graham, “he was wearing an expensive suit, a loudly-striped silk shirt, patent leather shoes, a fur-collared overcoat and a derby hat. He had a huge diamond stickpin, an equally huge diamond ring and a watch encrusted with diamonds. His luggage consisted of three bags and four trunks - and he had $7,500 cash in his pockets.” One of the trunks reportedly contained 52 bats.

While Kauff was a competent major league player, he never put up the numbers in the National League that he did in the Federal League. In 1916 he hit .254-9-74, but did finish second in the league in stolen bases (40). In 1917 he improved to .308-5-68 and was third in the league in batting and stolen bases (30) as the Giants won the pennant. In the World Series, which the Giants lost to the White Sox, 4 games to 2, Kauff hit only .160 but homered twice in a 5-0 win in game four and led the team in RBI (5). In 1918, he batted .315 in 67 games before going into the Army. In 1919, Kauff hit .277-10-67 in 135 games. Late in the 1919 season, Kauff and pitcher Fred Toney, separately, told McGraw that third baseman Heinie Zimmerman and player-coach Hal Chase had tried to bribe them to throw games. Zimmerman was sent home, ostensibly for “breaking curfew” and never played again. For some reason, Alexander writes, Chase stayed with the team, apparently in good standing, until the day before the season ended.

During the off-season, Kauff was accused of being involved with his brother in an automobile theft ring. Benny was indicted by a grand jury in New York. He started the 1920 season with the Giants, but his play was not up to par. Before the trade with Toronto, he batted .274-3-26 in 55 games. Batting second in the Maple Leaf’s lineup, Kauff hit .343 in 79 games, best on the team and stole 28 bases. However, as Louis Cauz writes in his history of baseball in Toronto, ‘Baseball’s Back in Town,’ “unfortunately, Kauff’s reputation - and the auto story - followed him to rival parks. He would be greeted by fans armed with automobile horns. One day in Jersey City, the groundskeeper left the steamroller in deep left. A fan bellowed, ‘Hide that machine quick, here comes Kauff.’”

Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was in his first year as Commissioner of Baseball. Alexander writes, “Never consistently and often on shaky evidence, he would expel more than two dozen players from Organized Baseball in the early 1920s. Maybe the least deserving object of Landis’ personal brand of justice was Benny Kauff. Nobody ever accused Kauff of giving anything but his best on the ballfield, but he’d been indicted in New York for being involved in his brother’s auto thievery, and Landis suspended him pending the disposition of his case. At his trial in Bronx County Court in May, 1921, with McGraw and Tener, among others, serving as character witnesses, Kauff won acquittal. Landis would nonetheless bar him from organized ball forever. Kauff’s acquittal, Landis remarked to (New York writer) Fred Lieb, ‘smells to high heaven and was one of the worst miscarriages of justice ever to come to my attention.’ To Kauff, he wrote ‘your mere presence in the lineup would inevitably burden patrons of the game with grave apprehensions as to its integrity.’ In the fall of 1921 and again a year later, Kauff’s petitions for permanent injunctions against Landis would be turned down in state supreme court.”

Toronto’s left fielder, 37-year-old George Whiteman, has his own niche in baseball history. In their book, ‘Red Sox Century,’ Glenn Stout and Richard Johnson wrote, “Athletic and strong, as a teenager Whiteman had toured the nation as part of a high-dive act, jumping off a tower into a barrel of water at carnivals. But when his partner died in an accident in Texas, Whiteman turned to baseball.” Nicknamed Lucky because he was with so many pennant winners, Whiteman played for 25 years, seven as an outfielder-manager, from 1905-1929. In his last season, at the age of 46, managing Winston-Salem (Piedmont) he hit .267 in 136 games. He holds the minor league career record for the most games played (3,282), is third in doubles (671) and triples (196), fourth in hits (3,388) and fifth in runs (1,865). His career average was .283. He spent his first three years in pro ball in the Texas League and earned his only batting title in 1906 when he hit .281 for Cleburne. Most of the Cleburne players were transferred to Houston in 1907 and at the end of the season the Boston Red Sox expressed an interest in purchasing Whiteman, regarded as a top prospect. However, the Houston owner refused to sell Whiteman unless Boston also agreed to take another outfielder who had not impressed the Red Sox. Finally, Boston gave in and consented to give Houston an additional $400 for Tris Speaker. Whiteman batted .182 in three games at the end of the season and the next spring was returned to Houston. Speaker, of course, became one of the greatest outfielders in major league history. At the end of the 1913 season, Houston again sold Whiteman’s contract, this time to the Yankees. Although he hit .344 in 11 games, he was back in the minors at Montreal. In 1915, he hit .312 for the Royals and led the International League in homers (14) and runs (106). He played for Louisville in 1916 and was acquired by Toronto early in the 1917 season, batting .342 in his first tour of duty with the Maple Leafs.

After the 1917 season, former Detroit manager Ed Barrow resigned as president of the International League and his old friend Harry Frazee, owner of the Red Sox, persuaded him to take the post as the Boston pilot. Red Sox outfielder Duffy Lewis had gone into the service and Barrow picked up Whiteman to replace him. George was something of a disappointment early in the season (he finished the year batting .267 in 71 games) and Barrow decided to put his hard-hitting pitcher, George Herman (Babe) Ruth in left field when he was not starting on the mound. Boston won the pennant in the war-shortened 1918 season, which ended on Labor Day. When the World Series started, Barrow decided that Ruth would stick to pitching and Whiteman would play left field and bat cleanup. In the opening game, at Chicago’s Comiskey Park, home of the American League White Sox, Boston beat the Cubs 1-0. Stout and Johnson wrote, “Whiteman made Barrow look like a genius. For while Ruth received credit for throwing a shutout, Whiteman paced the Sox at bat and in the field.” He had two of Boston’s five hits, including a key single in the fourth inning when the only run was scored, and made two fine running catches to end Cub rallies, one with the bases loaded, the other with two men on base. Boston lost game two, 3-1, and the only run was driven in by Whiteman with a triple. The Red Sox won the third game, 2-1, and again Whiteman played an important role. In the top of the fourth he was hit by a pitch and scored the first run of the game. With Boston ahead 2-1 in the bottom of the fourth, he made what was called a spectacular catch, grabbing a line drive by Dode Paskert out of the front row of the bleachers to rob him of a home run. The Series moved to Boston for game four, won by the Red Sox. The Cubs won the next day, 3-0, but the score would have been worse except for two defensive gems by Whiteman. After spearing a line drive, he doubled the base runner off second and, later in the game, made a perfect throw to the plate to prevent a run from scoring. In the sixth and final game, won by the Red Sox 2-1, Whiteman again was a hero. In the top of the eighth, the Cubs’ Turner Barber hit a sinking line drive to left field. The Reach Guide said “Whiteman came tearing in at race-horse speed, lunged forward, caught the ball and, being carried off his feet by the momentum, turned a complete somersault and came up with the sphere grasped firmly in his hands. It was a marvelous play, executed in a spectacular manner and snuffed out the last ray of the Cubs’ hope for victory.” The crowd stood and cheered for almost five minutes. Whiteman stayed in the game, but only for one more batter, then signaled to Barrow that he needed to leave the game. As he left the field, the fans again stood and cheered. Some writers said that the catch was the greatest in World Series history. The Reach Guide said that Whiteman “undoubtedly deserves the honors of being the star of the series.” Had an MVP award been given in those times, George Whiteman certainly would have received it. In the six games, the winning Red Sox scored only nine runs on 32 hits. Whiteman tied for the team lead in batting (.250) and hits (5). That, of course, was the last Boston Red Sox World Series win, but how many fans even know the name of George Whiteman?

By the next spring, major league players were returning from the war, Duffy Lewis among them, and Whiteman was back in the minors to stay. He remained with Toronto for two years, then in 1921 became manager of his hometown Houston team.

After Kauff and Onslow, Toronto’s best hitter was Frank O’Rourke who batted .327 and led the team in runs (130) and hits (201). Louis Cauz called him “probably the best shortstop to ever play for Toronto. He was a Hamilton (ONT) boy who at 18 injured his arm, an injury which always troubled him, although he played more than 1,100 games in the majors. He was superb with the glove and had astounding speed. Three times he scored from second on fly balls.” Twice during the season he went 6-for-6, three doubles and three singles against Reading on opening day, and two homers, a double and three singles against Rochester on July 3. O’Rourke had made his pro debut in 1912 at the age of 17 and within a few weeks was in the majors with the Boston Braves. However, he hit only .122 in 61 games and was sent down to the minors. He was back in the majors in 1917 for half the season with Brooklyn and played four games for the Dodgers in 1918. O’Rourke played in the International League at Binghamton in 1919 before joining the Maple Leafs. He was sold to Washington in September, 1920, playing 14 games for the Senators that season. He was with Washington in 1921 and the Red Sox in 1922, before going back to Toronto in 1923-24. Detroit purchased his contract in August, 1924, and he was with the Tigers through 1926. In 1925 he led American League second basemen in fielding. O’Rourke played for the St. Louis Browns from 1927 through mid-1931 when he became manager of Milwaukee (American Association). His major league career average was .254 in 1,131 games. He left Milwaukee after 1933 and managed Charlotte (Piedmont) and El Dorado (Cotton States) through 1939. He was a scout for Cincinnati from 1941-1951, then scouted for the New York Yankees from 1952-1983. When he retired at the age of 89, he had been in baseball for 72 years.

The Maple Leaf’s third baseman was 33-year-old major league veteran Russell (Lena) Blackburne, who enjoyed the best year of his career, batting .314 in 150 games and stealing 34 bases. Blackburne was born in Clifton Heights, PA, and The Sporting News reported that he “came from a family that could trace its genealogy to Raul de Black Bourne, a man-at-arms who was knighted in 1348 for gallantry in battle. Lena once said, laughing, ‘Those early Blackburnes were noblemen and high churchmen, but I was only a .220 hitter.’” The family moved to Palmyra, NJ, when he was 13 and his father organized an amateur baseball team for which Lena played shortstop. He made his pro debut in 1908 at Worcester (New England) and it was there he acquired his nickname. The Sporting News said “Cora Donovan was an outfielder with Brockton in the same league. One day, in a game between the two clubs, Donovan struck out to end an inning. When Blackburne also fanned to open the next inning, a leather-lunged fan reportedly shouted to Blackburne, ‘Hey, Lena, you any relation to Cora?’ Years after he left baseball, Blackburne was asked about his nickname. ‘I got it because I was so lean,’ he replied. The nickname stuck to Blackburne the rest of his life. Even his wife called him Lena.” He reached the majors with the White Sox in 1910, but was out all of 1911 because of a knee injury. Chicago farmed him to Milwaukee for 1912-13 and he returned to the White Sox for 1914-15. He hit only .222 and .216 and was sold to Toronto where he played in 1916-17. Blackburne played in the National League for Cincinnati, Boston and Philadelphia in 1918-19. He left the majors with a career .214 average. He was with Toronto the next two years, taking over from Larry Doyle as manager during the 1921 season. He played for Toledo and Kansas City in 1922, continuing with the Blues in 1923 (another Top 100 team) and stayed with the team through 1924. The next two seasons he was playing manager at Little Rock (Southern). In 1927 he returned to the majors as a coach for the White Sox and in July, 1928 replaced Ray Schalk as manager. Chicago finished with a 40-40 record under Blackburne, but when the White Sox fell to seventh in 1929 with a 59-93 record, he was fired. He was a coach for the Browns in 1930. In 1932 Lena returned to Toronto in July to manage a last place team that finished 54-½ games out of first place. Blackburne joined the Philadelphia Athletics as a coach in 1933 and remained in that position for 12 years, except for 1941. That season Connie Mack sent Blackburne to manage Toronto, now a Philadelphia farm club, but there was little talent to work with and the Maple Leafs finished last, this time 53 games behind first-place Newark. In 1944-45 he managed Lancaster (Interstate) for the Athletics and piloted Savannah (South Atlantic) in 1946. He scouted for the Philadelphia/Kansas City Athletics through 1955 before retiring.

Blackburne had an unusual association with baseball for many years. He supplied the special mud that umpires used to rub the gloss off new baseballs. The Sporting News reported that “As a youngster, Blackburne discovered the mud while wading in a branch of the Delaware River near his home. ‘I noticed in those days that the outgoing tides purified the mud at the bottom of the creek, leaving it inky black and sticky, ‘ Blackburne related. ‘I was a pitcher in those days and I often used the mud on a new ball - when we were lucky enough to get one.’ Years later, while a third base coach for the Athletics, Blackburne heard umpire Harry Geisel complain about the job of taking the slickness off new baseballs. In those days, umpires used tobacco juice. Blackburne, remembering the mud of his boyhood, dug up a supply and experimented with it in the basement of his home. He added a secret ingredient which made the mud as smooth as cold cream and non-staining. The next spring, he gave a can of the mud to Geisel and, in time, every major league club began getting a supply from Blackburne.”

Toronto’s regular second baseman was 27-year-old Eusebio (Kakin) Gonzalez, the 12th Cuban to appear in the majors. A native of Havana, he began his U.S. career in 1914 and played in the New York State and Eastern Leagues until July, 1918 when he played three games for the Red Sox, going 2-for-5, his only big league experience. He played for Toronto for six years (1918-1923) and for Rochester in 1924. Gonzalez starred for many years for Almendares in the Cuban (Winter) League. He retired after the 1928 season.

Catching duties were split evenly between William Patrick (Mickey) Devine and Gus Sandberg. Devine, 27, from Albany, NY, caught for six International League and four American Association teams between 1918 and 1930. He made three brief excursions to the majors, four games with the Phillies in 1918, eight with the Red Sox in 1920 and 21 with the Giants in 1925, batting .226. He managed Newark the first half of 1923. Sandberg, 24, a native of Long Island City, NY, caught for the Maple Leafs from 1919-1922. He was a backup catcher for Cincinnati in 1923-24, batting .174 in 31 games. He played for the Los Angeles Angels from 1925-1929. On February 3, 1930, he was killed in an accident at his home. Sandberg was trying to siphon gasoline from his car and lit a match to see how he was doing. The gas tank blew up and he suffered fatal burns.

The Maple Leafs’ best pitcher was 22-year-old Patrick Henry (Red) Shea (27-7, 2.63) who led the International League in won-lost percentage (.794) and shutouts (7), tied for the lead in wins and was fourth in ERA. Shea had been signed by the Athletics in 1918 after graduating from high school in Holyoke, MA and relieved in three games before being sent to the minors. He was purchased by the New York Giants after the end of the 1920 season. He was farmed out to St. Paul in 1921 then recalled and went 5-2, 3.09 for the champion Giants. After going 0-3, 4.70 to start the 1922 season, he was sold to San Francisco where he pitched through 1924 and was a member of another Top 100 team, the 1922 Seals. He retired in 1929 to become a policeman in Newark, NJ.

Toronto had two 19-game winners. Wilfred Patrick Dolan (Rosy) Ryan, a 22-year-old right-hander, went 19-9, 2.73, fourth in the league in ERA. Ryan had been signed by the Giants after graduating from Holy Cross College and was optioned to Buffalo for his rookie season, 1919. He went 15-8, 1.80, second in the International League in ERA, and on August 8 pitched a seven-inning no-hit, no-run game against Reading. He pitched for the Giants from 1921-1924. Both starting and relieving, he was 17-12, 3.01, in 1922, leading the National League in ERA. In 1923 he was 16-5, 3.49 and led the league in games pitched (45). He pitched in three World Series, 1922-23-24. In 1922 he was the winner in relief in the opening game as the Giants swept the Yankees, 4 games to 0. In the 1923 series he relieved three times and won one of the two Giants victories. In 1924, against Washington, he relieved twice with no decisions, and on October 6 in a Giants’ 6-4 victory in the third game, in the fourth inning with no one on base, he became the first National League pitcher to hit a home run in a World Series game. In World Series competition, Ryan had a 1.56 ERA. He was traded to the Braves in 1925, then dropped down to Toledo in 1926. In 1928 he pitched three games in relief for the Yankees, then went back to the American Association for four seasons with Milwaukee, Toledo and Minneapolis. In 1932 with the Millers he pitched in 60 games, mostly in relief, winning 22 and losing 13. This earned Ryan another shot at the majors and in 1933 he went 1-1, 4.55 in 30 games in relief for Brooklyn. He returned to Minneapolis in 1934 for three years before retiring as a player in 1936. Ryan managed Eau Claire (Northern) in 1941-42 and Minneapolis in 1944-45. He moved up to the position of general manager of the Millers, owned by the New York Giants, in 1946. When the Giants moved to San Francisco in 1958, they swapped the Minneapolis franchise to the Red Sox for their San Francisco Seals club and transferred that team to Phoenix. Ryan became vice president and general manager at Phoenix and stayed with the club when it was transferred to Tacoma in 1960, then back to Phoenix in 1966. He retired after the 1974 season.

The other 19-game winner was 32-year-old right-hander Lore (King) Bader who had a 19-9, 2.91 record. He was born in Bader, IL, a small town near Springfield that was named for his family. Bader pitched for Dallas (Texas) in 1911-12-13, except for two games for the 1912 champion New York Giants. Although he went 2-0, 0.90, he was sent back to Dallas. He was 59-33 for Buffalo in 1914-15-16, his best year being 1916 when he posted a 23-8, 2.05 record. Bader was 3-3 in 18 games for the Red Sox in 1917-18, and left the majors with a 5-3, 2.51 record. He was a coach for the Boston Braves in 1926, then managed Lynn (New England) and Providence and Hartford (Eastern) until 1930.

In 1926, the Maple Leafs broke the Orioles’ pennant string with a Top 100 winner. The next period of glory for Toronto occurred 30 years later when the team won three flags in four years (1954, 1956, 1957). In 1960, another pennant-winning Leaf team found inclusion in the Top 100. Seven years later, the team left the International League. In 1977, the American League Toronto Blue Jays began play, bringing baseball back to Canada’s largest city.

The 1920 Toronto Maple Leafs, although overtaken at the end by one of the longest winning streaks in baseball history, still can hold their heads high. In all the years of the National Association, no other second-place team has matched Toronto’s .701 winning mark.

1920 International League standings
BALTIMORE 110 43 .719 - READING 65 85 .433 43.5
TORONTO 108 46 .701 2.5 JERSEY CITY 62 91 .405 48.0
BUFFALO 96 57 .627 14.0 ROCHESTER 45 106 .298 63.5
AKRON 88 63 .583 21.0 SYRACUSE 33 116 .221 75.0

1920 Toronto Maple Leafs batting statistics
Ed Onslow 1B 135 511 87 173 23 12 7 31 .339
Eusebio Gonzales 2B,3B 121 364 68 108 16 4 0 38 .297
Frank O'Rourke SS 148 615 130 201 37 11 4 37 .327
Lena Blackburne 3B 150 545 91 171 19 7 1 34 .314
James Riley OF 148 562 100 173 19 11 5 24 .308
George Whiteman OF 128 458 74 124 27 6 6 18 .271
Benny Kauff OF 79 300 67 103 18 6 12 28 .343
Gus Sandberg C 96 320 36 81 10 8 2 7 .253
Andy Anderson 2B,OF 121 390 66 120 13 5 5 18 .308
Mickey Devine C 76 232 40 70 5 6 2 8 .302
Tub Spencer OF 71 266 49 86 11 2 2 13 .323
King Bader P 46 92 11 26 3 1 0 0 .283
Pat Shea P 44 105 12 22 1 0 2 0 .210
Rosy Ryan P 44 89 9 15 2 0 0 1 .169
Molly Craft P 24 49 16 15 1 2 3 3 .306
Alex Peterson P 23 30 5 2 0 0 0 0 .067
Bill Snyder P 17 35 2 6 0 0 0 0 .171
Bob Heck P 17 32 5 10 2 0 0 0 .313
Bunny Hearn P 14 .216
Totals 154 5119 889 1523 212 82 53 262 .298

1920 Toronto Maple Leafs pitching statistics
Pat Shea 27 7 .794 43 25 7 298 262 122 131 2.63
Rosy Ryan 19 9 .679 44 21 4 261 240 119 113 2.73
King Bader 19 9 .679 39 15 3 229 217 77 94 2.91
Molly Craft 8 0 1.000 11 5 1 66 49 22 33 2.18
Bill Snyder 8 1 .889 15 5 0 84 72 34 35 3.65
Bunny Hearn 8 4 .667 14 8 0 99 112 14 45 3.46
Alex Peterson 7 6 .538 22 6 0 97 110 54 29 5.37
Bob Heck 4 1 .800 17 3 0 76 71 30 17 2.96